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Explain the Characteristics of Monsoon Rainfall in India

Followings are the explanation of the characteristics of Monsoon rainfall in India

  1. Southwest Monsoon rainfalls are seasonal in character generally occur between June and September
  2. Relief and topography are the major factors governing tropical monsoon rainfall.
  3. Monsoon rainfall shows a declining course with an increasing distance from the sea.
  4. Rainless intervals: Occurs for few days
  5. It plays a pivotal role in the agrarian economy. About three-fourth of the total rainfall in the country received during the Southwest monsoon season.
  6. The spatial distribution of monsoon rainfall in India is uneven. For example, places like Leh (Ladakh) and Jaisalmer (Rajasthan) receive the least rainfall in India, while Mawsynram in the Khasi hills of Meghalaya receives the highest annual rainfall in the world.
  7. The beginning of rainfall has sometimes been considered premature. Often it starts even early than normal, causing considerable harm to the standing crop and making it impossible to show the winter crop.

More: Climate of India

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