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Most Important Lakes In India with Important Facts and Details

Check out the Most Important Lakes In India with Important Facts and Details:

Most Important Lakes in Assam

  1. Deepor Beel (Dipor Bil)
    • Permanent freshwater lake;
    • Ramsar site in 2002;  
    • Important bird sanctuary
  2. Dora Beel
    • It is a wetland as well as a lake found in the Kamrup district of Assam.
    • Water from the Kulsi River fed into this lake.

Most Important Lakes in Andhra Pradesh

  1. Hasainsagar lake
    • One of the largest man-made lakes;
    • Built by Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah in 1563;
    • a monolithic statue of the Gautama Buddha erected here.
  2. Kolleru Lake
    • Kolleru is a natural lake.
    • It is the largest freshwater lake in India.
    • It is also the largest shallow freshwater lake in Asia;
    • Found between Krishna and Godavari delta.
    • It is a Ramsar convention site.
  3. Pulicat Lake
    • Second largest brackish water lagoon in India;
    • located at the border of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
  4. Kaniairi Lake

Most Important Lakes in Bihar

  1. Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake – Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake; declared as a Ramsar site in 2020.

Most Important Lakes in Gujarat

  1. Hamirsar Lake
    • is a man-made lake;
    • It has a unique 450-year-old water management system.
  2. Kankaria Lake
    • its root is placed in the Chaulukya period seldom though It was built in 1451 during the reign of Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Ahmad Shah II.

Most Important Lakes in Haryana

  1. Badkhal Lake
    • a natural lake
  2. Brahma Sarovar
    • It is an ancient water pool sacred to Hinduism;
    • Dedicated to Lord Shiva

Most Important Lakes in Himachal Pradesh

  1. Chandra Taal Lake
    • settle on the Samudra Tapu plateau;
    • Designated as Ramsar sites.
  2. Maharana Pratap Sagar
    • also known as Pong Reservoir;
    • created by building the highest earth-fill dam in India on the Beas River in 1975;
    • bounded by the rugged Dhauladhar mountain range.
  3. Renuka lake
    • Renuka lake is located in the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
    • It is Himachal Pradesh’s largest natural lake.
    • It has been classified as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention since November 2005.
    • Threat: continuously shrinking in size

Most Important Lakes in Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Dal Lake
    • Urban lake;
    • Second largest in the UT of Jammu and Kashmir;
    • It is called the “Lake of Flowers”, “Srinagar’s Jewel” or “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir”;
    • it is part of a natural wetland.
  2. Wular Lake
    • designated as a Ramsar site in 1990;
    • The largest freshwater lake in India
    • one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia;
    • formed as a result of tectonic activity;
    • fed by the Jhelum River.
  3. Verinag Lake
    • first tourist spot of Kashmir Valley
    • It is also known as the Gateway of Kashmir.
    • Situated at an elevation of 1,851 mt (6,073 ft)
  4. Manas Bal Lake
    •  Lake is encircled by four villages
    • one of the largest natural stamping spots of Aquatic birds in Kashmir
    • Has the sobriquet of “supreme gem of all Kashmir Lakes”.
    • It has no major inlet channels and is therefore supported largely by precipitation (rain and snowfall).
    • Stated to be the deepest lake in India.
  5. Nigeen Lake or Nageen Lake
    • is alled as “nageena”, which means “the jewel in the ring”.
    • eutrophic lake
    • seldom considered as a part of the Dal lake.
  6. Sheshnag Lake
    • alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake
    • situated near to Amarnath cave
    • It flows out through a stream which joins the Lidder River at Pahalgam.
  7. Anantnag Lake

Most Important Lakes in Karnataka

  1. Agara Lake
    • It is a natural lake located in Bangalore
    • It is filled by the water of Madivala lake
  2. Ulsoor Lake or Halasuru Lake
    •  It is dated to Kempegowdas’ time
    • Built by the then Commissioner of Bangalore, Sir Lewin Bentham Bowring

Most Important Lakes in Kerala

  1. Kuttanad Lake (Kodaikanal Lake)
    • It is a 154-year-old artificial (man-made) lake,
    • It is a star-shaped lake,
    • It is encircled by lush green hills of the north-western Palani Hills range,
    • It has moderate to dense growth of macrophytes of every type
    • Kurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana) is located here.
  2. Sasthamkotta Lake
    • It is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala.
    •  Categorized as a wetland
    • It’s named after the ancient temple of Sashta (a pilgrimage center)
    • Designated as a wetland of international significance under the Ramsar Convention.
  3. Vembanad Lake
    • It’s India’s longest lake
    • It is the 2nd largest Ramsar site in India only after Sunderbans in West Bengal.
    • The Nehru Trophy Boat Race takes place in a section of the lake.
    • It is a significant source of freshwater for the state.
    • The lake is bordered by the four districts of Alappuzha, Kottayam and Ernakulam.
    • It is located on sea level and is isolated from the Laccadive Sea by a small barrier island.
    • The lake is part of the wetland area of Vembanad-Kol,
    • Vembanad Lake is situated in the heart of Kerala Backwaters tourism.
    • The Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is situated on the eastern shore of the lake.
    • Vembanad wetland designated as a wetland of international significance under the Ramsar Convention.
  4. Ashtamudi Lake
    • Wide palm-shaped (also referred to as octopus-shaped) water body.
    • The lake has also named the ‘entrance to Kerala’s backwater’.
    • Included in the list of wetlands of international importance as described in the Ramsar Convention.
    • Ashtamudi lake is situated on the Kallada  River.
    • It is a lagoon.
  5. Pariyar Lake (Thekkady Lake)
    •  It is located inside the Periyar National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary.
    • It is an artificial lake.
    • It is the concluding drainage reservoir for the Periyar River.
    • It is not a lagoon.

Most Important Lakes in Madhya Pradesh

  1. Bhojtal Lake
    • Bhojtal is said to be designed by Raja Bhoj Paramara in the 11th century.
    • Located in the capital of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, India.
    • Also referred to as Upper Lake It’s a significant source of drinking water for locals.
    • Bada Talaab (big lake), along with the neighboring Chhota Talaab (small lake), is the Bhoj Wetland, and it is now a Ramsar site.
    • Bhojtal is located in the western central part of Bhopal City and is encircled by Van Vihar National Park in the south.
    • Risk lake has been shrinking and polluted in recent days due to anthropogenic activities.

Most Important Lakes in Maharashtra

  1. Shivsagar
    • It is a reservoir, located in the state of Maharashtra, India.
    • It was created after the Koyna River was overrun by the Koyna Dam.
  2. Lonar Lake or Lonar crater
    • Sited in Buldhana district, Maharashtra, India.
    • Notified National Geo-Heritage Monument, Salt, Soda Lake
    • Created by the effects of a meteorite crash during the Pleistocene period.
    • It is among the four confirmed, hyper-velocity, basaltic rock impact craters all around Earth.
    • Lonar crater is positioned within the Deccan Plateau.
    • The water in the lake is saline and alkaline.
    • As per IIT Bombay 2019 study, minerals in lake debris were found to be very alike to minerals found in moon rocks brought back during the Apollo program.
    • The lake was designated a Ramsar protected site in November 2020.

Most Important Lakes in Manipur

  1. Loktak lake
    • It is the biggest freshwater lake in North East India.
    • It’s popular for the phumdis floating above it.
    • The Keibul Lamjao National Park, situated on this phumdi, is the only floating national park in the world.
    • Loktak Day is celebrated every year on the 15th of October on the outskirts of Loktak Lake.
    • Lake was originally classified as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Most Important Lakes in Meghalaya

  1. Umiam Lake    
    • Also known as Dam sait.
    • It’s a reservoir in the hills of Meghalaya, India.
    • Created by the Assam State Electricity Board in the early 1960s by the damming of the Umiam River.

Most Important Lakes in Mizoram

  1. Tam Dil 
    • The word Tam DIl is a combination of antam (implies a mustard plant), and Dil (implies lake).
    • The roots and etymology of the Tam Dil are veiled in folklore.

Most Important Lakes in Nagaland

  1. Shilloi Lake
    • Nagaland’s Largest Natural Lake located in the center of the Patkai range.
    • It is spreads over an area of 0.25-0.30 sq km
    • It lies in a valley covered by pine trees and diverse landscapes.
    • Lütsams  is the real name of the lake, meaning ‘the location where the water is stored.’
  2. Tsumang Lake
    • Tsumang Lake is a lake located in Wokha, Nagakand.

Most Important Lakes in Odisha

  1. Chilika Lake
    • Chilika Lake is the largest brackish lagoon in the world just after New Caledonian Barrier Reef.
    • It has been identified as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
    • It is the largest nesting region for migratory birds in the Indian subcontinent.
    • Chilika Lake was recognized as the very first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention on 1st October 1981.
    • It has a catchment area of 3,560 km2 (1,370 sq mi).
    • The lake has an estuarine characteristic in an ephemeral setting.
    • Chilika, in 2002, was excluded from the Montreux Record, taking into account the improving conditions of the lake, and became the first Ramsar site in Asia to be dropped from the Montreux Record.
    • The first marine sanctuary in India has been built at Chilka Lake.

Most Important Lakes in Punjab

  1. Harike Lake
    • One of the largest artificial (man-made) wetlands in northern India.
    • Harike is an important sanctuary for birds migrating along foreign borders.
    • In 1990, Harike lake has been classified as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
    • Around 70% of the lake occupies dense floating vegetation.
  2. Kanjli Lake
    • It is incorporated in Kanjli Wetland.
    • It was built in 1870 by constructing the headworks of the perennial Bean River, a tributary of the Beas River.
    • In 2002, Harike lake classified as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Most Important Lakes in Rajasthan

  1. Sambhar Lake
    • Sambhar Salt Lake is India’s biggest inland salt lake and is the center of most of Rajasthan’s salt production.
    • It encircles the historical Sambhar Lake Town.
    • Sambhar Lake is closest to Rajasthan Jaipur district.
    • The lake absorbs water from five rivers: Mantha, Medtha, Khari, Samaod, Rupangarh, and Khandel.
    • It is a vast saline wetland.
    • Sambhar lake has been classified as a Ramsar site.
    • The concentration of salt (NaCl) in this lake water varies from season to season.
    • Marriage of Jodha Bai and Akbar at Sambhar Lake Town in 1562.
    • Lake Sambhar is ecologically important.
    • It is located in the east-central Rajasthan state, west of Jaipur.
    • Sambhar is famous for ‘feni’ (a sweet food).
    • Lake Sambhar is nearest to Jaipur.
  2. Rajsamand Lake or Rajsamudra Lake
    • It was built by Rana Raj Singh in 1660
    • During the Second World War, it was utilized as a seaplane base.
    • It’s situated between Rajnagar and Kankroli.
    • River Gomti is the major water provider to Rajsamand Lake.
  3. Pichhola Lake
    • Located in the town of Udaipur (city of lakes) in the state of Rajasthan, India.
    • It is a manmade (artificial) freshwater lake, constructed in 1362 AD by Banjaras.
    • There are four islands on the lake: Jag Niwas, Jag Mandir, Mohan Mandir, and Arsi Vilas.
  4. Jaisamand Lake
    • Jaisamand Lake is also known as Dhebar Lake.
    • It was constructed in 1685 by Maharana Jai Singh.
    • Located in the town of Udaipur (city of lakes) in the state of Rajasthan, India.
    • It is the second-largest artificial lake in India, after Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar.
    • There are three islands on Dhebar Lake, and the Bhil Minas tribe inhabits them all.
  5. Fateh Sagar Lake
    • It is located in the town of Udaipur (city of lakes) in the state of Rajasthan, India.
    • It is a manmade (artificial) freshwater lake built in the 1680s.
    • It is named after Maharana Fateh Singh of Udaipur and Mewar.
    • A festival called the Hariyali Amavasya Mela (Green New Moon Fair) is held each year in the lake area, in the month of Shravan (August/September).
  6. Didwana Lake
    • It is located in the district of Nagaur in the state of Rajasthan, India.
  7. Lankaranarsar Lake
    • It is located in the district of Bikaner in the state of Rajasthan, India.
    • It is a playa lake (dry lake) formed due to deflation.

Most Important Lakes in Sikkim

  1. Tsomgo Lake (Tsongmo Lake)
    • In Bhutia language, Tsomgo means “source of the lake”.
    • It’s a glacial lake.
    • The lake is indeed frozen during the winter months.
    • It is located in the East Sikkim district of the Indian state of Sikkim

Most Important Lakes in Tamil Nadu

  1. Chembarambakkam Lake
    • Formarly known as Puliyur Kottam.
    • It is situated in the Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, India, about 25 km from Chennai.
    • It was the first Artificial Lake constructed by Rajaraja Chola’s son Rajendra Chola I, and by Thiripuvana Madeviyar, prince of Kodumbalur.
    • It is the source of the Adyar River.
  2. Kaliveli Lake or Kaliveli Lagoon
    • It is located on the Coromandel Coast, near the Bay of Bengal.
    • Location: Viluppuram district, Tamil Nadu, South India.
    • It is a coastal lake and wetland lagoon.
    • It is a seasonal wetland with a range of saline to brackish water.
    • Essential grazing and breeding ground for migratory bird flyways.
    • It is one of the largest wetlands in the Indian Peninsula.
    • The IUCN declares Kaliveli Lake, the wetland of national and international importance.
    • It is the 2nd biggest brackish lake in South India following Pulicat Lake.
    • It is distributed over an area of 670 sq. km of the watershed.
    • According to an estimation, it hosts more than 20,000 birds per year.

Most Important Lakes in Telangana

  1. Hussain Sagar (Tank Bund)
    • It is a heart-shaped lake in Hyderabad, Telangana.
    • It was constructed by Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah in 1563.
    • it is one of the largest artificial lakes.
    • Spread over – 5.7 Km2
    • It’s supplied by the River Musi.
    • In the middle of the lake, there is a “Rock of Gibraltar”, where the Lord Buddha 350 ton statue installed.
    • Maximum depth: 32 feet.
    • It separates Hyderabad and Secunderabad
    • It was named after the Master of Architecture in the Kingdom Hussain Shah Wali.
    • In 2012, on the occasion of World Tourism Day, UNWTO proclaimed it the “Heart of the World”  

Most Important Lakes in Uttar Pradesh

  1. Belasagar Lake  (Bela Taal)
    • It is located south of Kulpahar in the Belatal village of Uttar Pradesh, India.
    • It acts as a source of irrigation.
    •  It was constructed by Raja Parikshit of Jaitpur in 19th century.
  2. Govind Bhallabh Pant Sagar   
    • Location: Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh
    • It is the largest artificial (man-made) lake in India. 

Most Important Lakes in Uttarakhand

  1. Bhimtal Lake
    • Bhimtal Lake is situated in the district of Bhimtal, in the state of Uttarakhand, India.
    • It is the largest lake in the Kumaon region, famously called  as the “lake district of India”
    • Importance: Drinking water supply; supports aquaculture.
    • Its type: Gravity Masonry
  2. Nanital Lake (Naini Lake)
    • It is a natural freshwater Lake
    • It is a kidney shaped or a crescent shape water body
    • It’s among the four Kumaon Hills Lakes.
  3. Roopkund Lake
    • It is a glacial lake located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.
    • It is also know as Mystery Lake or Skeleton Lake

List of Most Important Lakes in India

STATELAKE
AssamHaflong Lake
Deepor Beel
Andhra PradeshHasainsagar lake
Kolleru Lake
Pulicat Lake
Kaniairi Lake
BiharKanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake
GujaratHamirsar Lake
Kankaria Lake
HaryanaBadkhal Lake
Brahma Sarovar
Himachal PradeshChandra Taal Lake
Maharana Pratap Sagar
Jammu and KashmirDal Lake
Wular Lake
Verinag Lake
Manas Bal Lake
Nagin Lake
Seshanag Lake
Anantnag Lake
KarnatakaAgara Lake
Ulsoor Lake
KeralaKuttanad Lake
Sasthamkotta Lake
Vembanad Lake
Ashtamudi Lake
Pariyar Lake
Madhya PradeshBhojtal Lake
MaharashtraShivsagar
Lonar Lake
ManipurLoktak lake
MeghalayaUmiam Lake        
MizoramTam Dil      
NagalandShilloi Lake
Tsumang Lake
OdishaChilika Lake        
PunjabHarikeKanjli
RajasthanSambhar Lake
Rajsamand Lake
Pichhola Lake
Jaisamand Lake
Fatehsagar Lake
Didwana Lake
Lankaranarsar Lake
SikkimTsomgo Lake      
Tamil NaduChembarambakkam
Kaliveli Lake               
TelanganaHussain Sagar    
Uttar PradeshBelasagar  
Govind Bhallabh Pant Sagar         
UttarakhandBhimtal
Nanital Lake
Raktasal Lake
Malatal Lake
Davatal Lake
Naukiyatal Lake
Kharpatal Lake

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